Assessing the air quality, toxic and health impacts of coal-fired power plantssurrounding the Jakarta megacity

The existing coal-fired power plants in west Java, one of the most densely populated areas in the whole world, are among the largest point sources of air pollution in Indonesia, with potentially major impacts on the surrounding communities and ecosystems. A dramatic increase in coal-fired capacity in the area is planned, entailing the risk of much larger future impacts: if the proposed power plant projects are realized, Greater Jakarta will see more new coal-fired power stations built within 100 kilometres than any other capital city.

This case study provides a detailed analysis of the air quality and health impacts of these existing and proposed coal-fired plants within 100km of central Jakarta, combining detailed atmospheric modeling with existing epidemiological data and literature. The impacts were modeled over a 1500km x 1500km domain covering Indonesia and parts of the surrounding areas.